American History II
The study of American History as a course portrays America as creditable for numerous inventions and technological advances placing it on a higher mantle in scientific discoveries. According to Barnet (2010), persistent survey and discoveries led to the realization of useful equipment and services which facilitated easy carrying out of tasks and eliminated significant interferences that curtailed specific task bearing. American productive education provided a base for many scientists to experiment their skills and consequentially led to the evolution of professions.
Luis, a famous historian, highlights that civil war was a prerequisite to a majority of inventions and hallmarks of technology (Louis, 2012). Following American invasion by British in conquering and partitioning land left it with no alternative apart from upgrading American defense and attack strategies. In line with this predicament, Robert Fulton, a marine engineer, invented water vessels which would be useful for local transportation and marine defense (Louis, 2012). His domineering interest in science and industrial development led to the invention of a steam water boat back in early 1860. Robert’s undertaking not only changed water transportation historically but also marine engineering as a profession. As a study, this essay traces American Evolution and historical development with respect to Marine Engineering as the particular profession.
The discovery followed massive encroachment into the field of invention. Despite Robert’s green educational background and poverty, he managed to exhibit productive capacity and creative mind (Carl Brasseaux & Keith, 2013). He successfully designed and operated a steamboat resulting to commercial gratitude. Increasing waters of Mississippi River and Louisiana sidelined use of simple canoes due to quick streams that endangered lives of the majority of travelers necessitating invention of a faster and safer mode of water transport. The steamboat offered regular freight on Mississippi and Natchez rivers at a nominal rate of 8 miles per hour even though water resistance was very high (Kurl Ray, 2010). Later Robert Fulton came up with a commercial steamboat for world steering that made its first departure new yolk to Albany.
However, Henry Miller improved this design by constructing another vessel with a higher speed and carrying capacity than that of Fulton. In early 1864 steamboats were tremendously increasing in rivers to about 250 which offered cruise across Hudson River. Steamboats were at the forefront in substituting road transport and trespassing regions where road network would not connect. Many people secured their careers as Steamboat drivers as a result of increasing number of vessels. Travelers took to water transport as a mode of circumnavigating overseas as mail and high-value freight business boomed. Steamboats were constructed and sold to adjacent countries that generated income for the American government.
The boats transported bulky agrarian products such as cotton and sugar from the South (Barnett, 2010). It significantly backed the economy of America through conveying agricultural produce to agrarian-based industries and finished products. It also facilitated translocation of industrial raw materials to industrial bases from their harvesting points. During the battle of Vicksburg, soldiers used steamboats to fight and attack invaders and that was a remarkable contribution of steamboats. Karl Ray further observes the majority of people drifting from the agricultural sector to industrial and marine sector as factors of economic boost (Kurl Ray, 2010). In early 19th-century, a steam engine was slowly replaced by reciprocating diesel engine that was more powerful and more resistant to fire explosion. Old steamboats would cause fatal deaths and cases of submerging. The diesel engine was commercially constructed and continued abolishing steam driven boats. It also called for more techniques and skills from captains to navigate these vessels since they demanded more skills that it did previously.
Today with the improvement of technology, boats have advanced to two-stroke and four-stroke engines which emit fewer gases to the environment. Innovation has resulted in the building of more environment friendly boats which discharges less fumes and fire proof ships. Their speed has hurtled up to 80 miles per hour in contrast to earlier 8 miles per hour which clearly shows tremendous improvement in marine vessels. Marine engineering as a profession has changed over time to a variety of ships and boats including ferries, tramps, submarines, motor boats and luxurious ships. This has eased shipment of commodities from one country to another across large water masses. Navies are perpetually gaining additional careers such as captains due to accessible water transport.Bottom of Form
Motivational Theories in Health-care Industry
Motivation is an ability or force which desire to accomplish certain objectives. It is also defined as a goal-directed behavior. When an individual tries to achieve a task, they put their determinant efforts of effectiveness to get a better result. Motivation in every workplace is necessary because it helps employees to stay encouraged to achieve the targets. It is widely recognized as a key factor for the enhanced performance of organization and employees. In health care industry, it is completely dependent on the environment and policy maker to motivate individuals to provide effective services.
Therefore, health-care managers are in charge to maintain the health atmosphere in the clinics or hospitals. The needs of theories focus on the effect of motivation and the most influential needs theories are Herzberg’s two-factor theory and Maslow’s theory. Maslow's theory focuses on the basic needs of an individual that are essential for existence from low to the higher level of individual growth and self-fulfillment. The five levels of the theory are basic, survival, security, self-esteem, affiliation and self-actualization. In the workplace, salary is the basic need that assure the basic requirement for survival (clothes, food, and housing).
However, health workers (nursing) likely to focus on self-esteem and recognition from their clients and supervisors. It helps to boost up the self-confidence of employees and enhance personal growth through work. Herzberg two-factor theory: It states that there are particular stages of an individual that cause job satisfaction, as well as few stages where an individual feel dissatisfied. When a person feels motivated, it is referred to motivators because of positive feedback, recognition, achievement or reward. If a person feels a lack of status, job security, good pay, vacations, etc. it creates a dissatisfaction result within the company. The theory represents the two-factor theory that is associate with the personal growth for the productive result within the workplace. It plays an important role in the health care industry to motivate employees.
From the above mentioned motivational theories and according to the information found with the help of it supports the research that it is always necessary for every industry to motivate workers to increase employees’ loyalty towards the organization. In the health care industry, due to lack of motivation most of the workers switch their jobs and prefer private clinics/hospitals over public health services. This paper gives a short overview of the important of motivational theories and how it can be used in health care industries to enhance the services. Health care managers usually face the challenge to motivate people to join a health care industry.
The motivational factors will be explored in this research which can influence motivation at work in the health care industry. On the other hand, the understanding of the relationship between motivation and employees performance can be assess. Therefore, for the improvement environmental and social factors should be taken into consideration by characterizing the predictability of employees’ performance. The research topic can assist to analyze need and process motivational theories and how performance level can be enhanced by adopting basic elements of motivation. For further research, the Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Model will be used to evaluate the challenges of comprehending and motivating workers in a quickly changing health care sector. This topic will help to represent a new perspective to focus on technology, security, self-esteem, social belongingness and self-actualization.
Undercover railroads will have a relevant factor by the story of slavery in the states. Its via the Subterranean Railroad approach that an many types of primary activists could risk-free the freedom of tons of slaves. With such below the ground railroads, hundreds of slaves were able to run to the slavery-f-r-e-e states using the land. This will make it safe and secure to assert that devoid of this below the ground train network system, the get away from slavery could have been late for just a considerable during longer. The job of those undercover train online communities has mysteriously evolved as time goes by to get complete opposite of what instigated its serious role and need on the period of slavery in the states. It is always sad that our trafficking has fast become prevalent in the usa due to the underground train networking systems. While the circle appeared to be an indication of freedom, its now a sign of the perpetuation of modern day varieties of slavery.
Below ground railroads use a serious job with the background of slavery across the nation. It actually is using the Undercover Railroad computer the fact that the diverse key element activists had the ability to safeguarded the freedom of many hundreds of slaves. Making use of these below ground railroads, plenty of slaves had the ability to run to the slavery-free regions of the nation. This will make it trustworthy to assert that devoid of this below ground train network system, the get away from slavery might have been slowed for getting a substantial even though lengthier. The function of the subterranean railway marketing networks has somewhat influenced gradually in becoming opposite of what instigated its necessary need and role inside of period of slavery in the us. It is always depressing that man trafficking happens to be prevalent in the US given the underground railway sites. Whilst the system were a sign of liberation, it truly is now an indication of the perpetuation of modern day different types of slavery.